Lang Speak

State Russian Museum

 

State Russian Museum – the first museum of local art in Russia, as of today it is the largest museum in the world. It was open back in 1898 upon enthronement of Nicholas II to commemorate his father, Alexander III.

The original collection of the Russian State Museum was composed of artworks taken from the Hermitage Museum, Alexander Palace, and the Imperial Academy of Arts, quite a lot was donated from the private collections, and some was bought using the State Treasury. Knyazh Alexander Lobanov – Rostovsky presented his private collection of portraits to the museum, Dutches Maria Tenisheva presented her rich collection of the graphic art. During the first decade of the museum history the number of items it comprised increased twice. They were icons, paintings, engravings, sculptures and decorative and applied art items. In course of time soviet art items have been added.

Today the museum collection includes over 320 thousand exhibits of the local art from 11 century to the present days. The museum complex includes seven buildings: the Mikhailovsky Palace, the Benois Wing, the Stroganov Palace and the Marble Palace, St. Michael’s castle, Peter I Summer Palace and the Cabin of Peter the Great.

The main exhibition is located in the Mikhailovsky Palace and the Benois Wing. Here you can see paintings by Andrew Rublev, Ilya Repin (including such famous paintings as ‘Barge Haulers on the Volga’ and ‘Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan Mehmed IV of the Ottoman Empire’), Karl Brullov (including the Last Day of Pompeii and the Italian Midday), and the whole room of the pictures by Ivan Aivazovsky (The Ninth Wave etc.) and many others.