Kazan Cathedral is dedicated to Our Lady of Kazan, the most venerated icon in the city. It is also a monument to the Russian military glory.
The heir to the throne Pavel traveling in Europe had been amazed by the beauty and harmony of the Saint Peter’s Basilica in Rome and the Square in front of it surrounded by the colonnade. And in 1799 Pavel I already an emperor desired to see a similar building in his capital. There was a tender for the design to replace the church of Birth of the Blessed Virgin Mary (known as Kazanskaya) built in the thirties of the XVIII century. One of the most venerated icon in Russia was kept in this church — wonderworking icon of Our Lady of Kazan. The main condition of the tender was to make the church look like the one in the Eternal City that he had once liked so much. Among all the designs the one by a young and talented architect Andrew Voronikhin was approved. After Pavel I was murdered, on 27th of August 1801 the ceremony of foundation laying for Kazan Cathedral took place in presence of emperor Alexander I.